Types of Desert Hazards and Survival Techniques



Summary: Travelers in deserts should be careful to watch for insects and snakes. You should also conserve water through staying in shadows. You can look for water in foot slopes, vegetation areas and in wet sand surfaces. You may need to dig for water.

Traveling in deserts require utmost care and well preparation. It is advised always to travel well prepared and in groups to face any dangers. You need to carry plenty of water. You need to drink around 18 liters of water to survive in a desert climate. It is also necessary to carry adequate food supplies.

Heat Stroke

You are advised to stay in a shadow during hot climate and work in evenings or night time. It helps to prevent heat stroke. The amount of water intake will depend on your hard work and working time. If your body is not sweating in hot climate, you are likely to suffer from nausea, headache etc. You are advised to take rest in a shadow. It helps to reduce intake of water and safeguard your health.

Insects and snakes in deserts

You are likely to find snakes, scorpions, thorns and cacti in deserts. You are advised not to walk on barefoot. Snake bites are likely in deserts. Always wear full shoes to walk across deserts. Snakes generally do not bite. They do not have legs or ears. They tend to spread venom if you step on them by mistake or move closer. Some of the snakes are highly poisonous. Snake bite may lead to death. You are advised to put a tight band around the bitten area and apply ice. You need to see the physician immediately to safeguard from the possible death.

Scorpions are generally in black or brown color. They usually measure an inch. You may also find yellow or light green color scorpions in deserts. Children may not withstand scorpions bite. Adults generally withstand the bite of scorpions. You are advised to apply a pack of ice over the bitten area and should not move. You should be as calm as possible. It helps to keep your heart rate normal and prevent further pain. You may experience swelling and severe pain.

You are advised to carefully observe the area for the presence of snakes, scorpions and other dangerous insects. You need to take rest in a place free from all these insects. Do not put your hands or legs in dark areas or in narrow holes etc. It is the place for dangerous insects.

Sand Storms

You need to be careful in deserts. Sand storms are likely with severe wind. You need to take shelter in protected areas to escape from sand storms.

Wide fluctuations in temperature

The temperature may rise as high as 60oC during day and 10o C in the night. You may experience severe cold during night. You are advised to travel with woolen coats to safeguard from cold weather.