Summary: The cold and unforgiving landscape can mean life and death for any traveler that comes unprepared for the situation. It is imperative that any traveler going to an extreme weather environment have the proper gear and training in order to survive.
The cold landscape can offer beautiful vistas and natural beauty worth exploring. However, one must be respectful of the cold in order to ensure one’s survival in the Tundra. Exposure to cold weather can lead to frostbite, hypothermia and dehydration that can lead to life threatening consequences. When traveling in cold weather here are some survival tips that you need to keep in mind always.
Know the Rules
First rule of traveling in cold extreme weather conditions is to stay warm. This begins with the clothes you wear and then your immediate environment. Layering provides the insulation you need in order to be safe from the cold weather. Make sure that you use polyester type materials rather than cotton because the latter tends to dissipate body heat and retain moisture. This is not the scenario you want when you are wet and freezing. It is likewise important to wear the proper head gear and mask so as to protect your face and eyes from the onslaught of freezing snow. Make sure that you are wearing the appropriate gloves and footwear in order to protect from frostbite. Check if your jacket is built for extreme cold weather conditions. There are jackets that are good only for certain cold conditions and not for extreme weather so make sure to know which one is the most appropriate for you. If you are going to be living in a tent make sure that it is built to withstand cold weather conditions. Check if the sleeping bags you brought along possess the necessary insulation you need to protect you from freezing weather.
Know First Aid
Be sure to know the basics of first aid so that you will know how to properly treat an injured person if you happen to get stuck out in the wilderness. Inform authorities where you are going and when you are expected to return so that they can launch a search party quickly and know where to search for you should you or your party fails to return.
Look for any type of shelter from the freezing cold. If your clothes are wet, better take them off at once and wear something dry in order to avoid hypothermia. Make sure that you are adept at recognizing and treating the most common signs of cold related injuries so that complications can be avoided as much as possible. Always have an emergency means of communication at the ready. Do not rely on regular cellphones. Make sure to have a satellite phone with extra batteries as well as a GPS system to determine exactly where you are for rescue operations.