Summary: Unknowingly many individuals can land in a situation where there is wilderness and a cold climate as a topping. Such situations lead to fear, panic, pain, thirst, hunger, fatigue and loneliness too. However, knowing the basics of survival in such conditions, one can easily surpass them.
Staying calm and not being panicked is the best way to find a survival route for you when stuck in wilderness in a cold climate. The basic necessities of survival are food, clothing and shelter. By gaining know-how to find or build these will not only help you to survive in such climatic conditions but also be of some help to others who are stranded along with you.
How to Survive in a Waste Land in Cold
1. Build Fire
The first step is to build a fire place and stay warm. This is the most important job work when you are dealing with surviving in the wilderness. Find a sandy, hilly or a rocky area which is quite near to sand and water. Remember that staying away from sand and water is unsafe when there are forest fires. Oxygen, tinder, spark and fuel are the four most significant factors when trying to start a fire.
Collect dry grass, cloth or paper lint, rags soaked in gasoline, dry barks, branches and twigs and try to spark a fire. This takes some time but with continuous tries, you will be able to succeed. Use a fire starter like match stick or lighter if available. Look for dry wood and dry leaves as they burn for a longer time and keep the surroundings hot. Fuel is quite an essential element here; however, if unavailable you may use the flint and steel method to ignite fire.
2. Build Shelter
Building a shelter is a great way to remain safe and insulated when trying to survive in wilderness during cold conditions. In order to stay protected from the chilling cold and snow, an insulated shelter is a great solution. Find as many dry barks, think branches, dry twigs and leaves and vines or weeds to tie them all up in order to form a small Y shaped shelter. Look for fallen trees or natural caves for your shelter as these are stable and firmly placed on to the ground.
3. Warm Clothing
Wear layers of clothes, gloves, socks and hat in order to keep yourself warm.
If you are well prepared for your outing, then your backpack must comprise of essential protection elements and equipment that will help you to survive in an emergency and critical situation. You backpack must consist of the essential elements like knife, match sticks, lighter, compass, flash lights, sun glasses, mirror, magnifying lens, waterproof articles, whistles, tarp and flares. Keeping these articles handy in your back pack will surely help you to survive in wilderness during cold.