Summary: Rock climbing is an extreme sport with extreme dangers. You got to take professional training to really go out there and climb. You need the best of equipment to handle dangerous situations.
With new kinds of rock-climbing equipment in the hands of travelers, backpacking is now awesome fun! Traditional hiking gears were not always safe and were limited. However, if you are serious enthusiasts and have the money in your pocket, look out for these…
These foldable, firm pads levels and softens the landing zones. These are mainly used for bouldering. They fold in half and are capable of being worn as backpacks. Crash Pads are made of rugged fabric and dense foam.
These are basically 2 carabiners attached with a 3-5” nylon sling. While rock climbing, these are worn by the lead climber on his harness. Quick links are used to affix the bolts.
Climbers generally wear the seat-styled harnesses. A harness includes leg loops, waist belt, belay loops and hard points. The gear loops are also an important part. Gear loops are designed to carry traditional gear and quickdraws.
Also known as ‘stoppers’, nuts are the simplest of all gears. These are made of aluminum and come in various sizes. A strong wire loop passes through them. Climbers feed the stopper into an aptly constricted crack and then give a few jerks to place the stopper firmly into the constriction. Next he clips the sling into the wire loop and the rope to sling. Thus, even if he slips, the stopper catches him.
Modern hiking ropes are made of nylon and are either static or dynamic. Static ropes are used in rappelling and top-roping. But for lead climbing use only dynamic ropes for the best stretch.
Once you fix the nut inside a crack, you have the toughest time getting it out. Therefore, nut tools are mighty important. Moreover, it acts as a bottle-opener too.
These devices are a life-saver as they allow the belayer to catch the falling climber. Figure eights, button plates, and ATCs are friction-only belay devices. The gri-gris, trango cinch, and mammut smart are self-breaking belay devices. You clip the device to the belay loop with a locking carbiner.
These are mainly for rock climbing purposes. It’s an elongated ring which opens with the help of a spring-loaded gate. Carabiners are of many types – bent-gate, wire-gate, and locking carabiners.
Apart from these you would need cams, chalks, chalk bags, and chalk pots, tricams and brushes. Only when you have all of these are you fully equipped for the climb.