Summary: In extreme cold weather conditions, roads buried under several feet of snow make it difficult to purchase necessary supplies of food and water. The possibility of a shutdown where everything is closed may arise, in these conditions, in order to survive, one need to return to basic survival techniques to ensure that one’s family is adequately supplied with the bare essentials needed for survival.
There are times when you will find yourself stranded at home or while out camping due to extreme weather conditions. Cold weather especially can cause a total shutdown of essential services due to roads and transportation blocked by snow. In such a situation one needs to have basic knowledge of preserving and locating sources of food and water.
How to locate food
In extreme weather conditions during possibilities of power blackouts, one should purchase and stock non-cooking items that need no refrigeration. Cereals, canned food, baby formula, and dried fruits are good choices. In suburban areas on the outskirts of the city If one has access to forest and outdoor locations, then resorting to alternate supplies of natural food is ideal where Fishing is one such possibility.
Remember that fish usually slowdown in cold water. Look for areas in lakes where frozen ice may be thinner. This means that the water below is warmer. Fish will tend to migrate to warmer areas in cold weather. Search for deeper areas in creeks because this is where you are most likely to find and abundance of fish.
Winter fruits, edible plants and berries are also a good solution. If one has enough expertise in recognizing edible plants then these too are a good choice, however in this aspect, not all plants are edible so one should be cautious enough with knowledge to recognize an edible plant. A few samples of edible plants are dandelions, oak acorns, juniper berries and nuts. Small wildlife for meat can also be trapped and killed. Rabbits, birds can be cooked and consumed for your protein requirements.
The first and most important thing one needs to do is to secure the water supply in order to stop it from freezing. In extreme cold, pipes tend to freeze. In this case you should first remove all insulation and pour hot water over them to keep them warm. Hair dryers set on high can also do the trick. Wrapping insulation in several layers of newspaper can also help as regular insulation may not be enough for prevention of freezing. A tap or faucet should be allowed to drip in order to keep the warm water running.
In case of insufficient water, alternate sources of water need to be located immediately. The easiest way is to collect snow from roof tops which are cleaner than the road or pathways. Heating snow will provide you with a supply of water. The advisable thing to do is to prepare for the worst. Heed weather warnings seriously and purchase drinking water in large gallon bottles. This should only be used for drinking purposes.