Summary: In order to survive in extremely cold conditions, you need to dress properly and appropriately and this is essentially the first rule in cold survival.
Surviving the extreme cold can be a major problem provided you are not suitably dressed and can lead to myriad problem s and even death. That’s why dressing in layers is essential to begin with and the outer layers can also be removed if you start feeling hot.
Ways to Dress to Survive the Cold
Pure Polypropylene underwear is highly recommended because it absorbs moisture from the skin. Try and avoid cotton underwear as it soaks up moisture and makes you feel colder. When outdoors in the cold, try and avoid moving around unnecessarily so that you don’t sweat profusely. You may even take off your coat when you are walking briskly so that you don’t sweat and the coat may be used when you are sitting for a long time.
Wearing a cap or hat makes sense as most of the body heat oozes out of the head. Keeping your head covered keeps you warmer as also something like a ski mask covering your entire face. The head may be protected when engaged in lower levels of activity and a polypropylene baklava worn under the hat or cap wicks moisture away from the head. Keeping the neck warm by way of a woolen scarf protects you from throat infections and chills and pure 100% wool for outer wear is an ideal insulator. In extreme cold, polar fleece may be worn and in rainy cold weather, a waterproof cape or raincoat that covers all your external clothing is required. A raincoat having good insulation will also block out the wind. You also need to wear loose pants that will accommodate blousing rubbers for trapping body heat and also preventing cold drafts from chilling your legs.
Most people who work in extremely cold conditions recommend the use of mittens instead of gloves as they tend to protect the fingers better. When sitting for long periods, using a hand warmer makes sense because its polar fleece or some other insulation material keeps the heat generated from the hands trapped inside it and keeps the fingers warm for longer periods of time. You can also make use of under socks made from 100% polypropylene to wick the moisture associated with your toes and feet. The right shoes are also extremely important and the sturdier ones are mostly recommended that grip the ground better when you walk on snow particularly. It could also be waterproof to save your feet from the rain.